Bridget Riley studied at Goldsmiths College from 1949 to 1952 and the Royal College of Art from 1952 to 1955. Following this, her early work was influenced by Georges Seurat and the optical effects of pointillism. This interplay of colour theory, form and ocular reception has continued throughout her work, developing into the signature style and links with Op-Art for which she is known.
In 1968 Riley represented Great Britain at the Venice Bienalle, in which she was awarded the International Prize for Painting. She has had solo exhibitions at the Serpentine Gallery (1999), Tate Britain (2003) National Gallery, London (2010-11) and the National Galleries of Scotland (2019).